For some wild animals, their lifespan is running out. Humans are the greatest threat to the survival of species threatened by poaching, habitat destruction and the effects of climate change.
Since 1996, the jaguar has been listed as Critically Endangered by the IUCN, with fewer than 70 individuals existing today. It is hunted and killed for its beautiful coat, its environment and its wildlife. His life is destroyed for colonization and agriculture.
River gorillas and mountain gorillas have both been listed as Critically Endangered and Endangered by the IUCN since 1996 – they are two of the five gorilla subspecies. Currently, there are only 200-300 river gorillas left in the wild and 900 mountain gorillas.
3. Sea turtles
Two types of sea turtles are among the most threatened in the world: the hawksbill turtle and the leatherback turtle.
The Sumatran Orangutan has been listed as Critically Endangered by the IUCN, with around 80% of its population lost over the past 75 years, mostly due to massive deforestation. This disastrous trend continues to increase with the number remaining, around 6,600. Sumatran orangutans are estimated to still be on this earth.
5. Sumatran elephant
Over the past 25 years, the Sumatran elephant has lost 70% of its habitat due to deforestation for oil palm plantations, agriculture and human settlements. It is estimated that there are less than 2,000 and in 2011 the Sumatran elephant was classified by the IUCN as Critically Endangered.
In 1992, this mystical creature was discovered in Vietnam, also known as the “Asian Unicorn”, hailed as one of the most spectacular zoological discoveries of the 20th century. However, the species This magnificent and elusive animal is considered Critically Endangered by the IUCN and is one of the rarest large mammals to exist on Earth.
7. Dolphin Vaquita
If you’ve never seen these creatures before, that’s understandable, as this extremely rare mammal is only found in the northern Gulf of California. And the numbers of this species have also dropped by 90% in less than 6 years.
The tiger has long been hunted for its distinctive patterned coat. Of the nine tiger subspecies, three are extinct, many of which are endangered, of which the South China tiger and the Sumatran tiger are currently endangered. Unfortunately, the South China tiger is believed to be extinct in the wild as it has not been discovered since the 1970s. The Sumatran tiger is the only tiger subspecies remaining in Indonesia and since 2008 it has been classified by IUCN. Fewer than 500 of these tigers survive today, up from an estimated 1,000 in 1978.
Three of the five species belong to the Rhocerotidae family, which are among the most endangered in the world: the black rhino, the Java rhino and the Sumatran rhino. The Java rhino is the most endangered with There only 60 survive in a national park in Java, Indonesia. Sumatran rhinos are also critically endangered. It is estimated that there are less than 100 in nature today. The black rhino is classified by the IUCN as critically endangered with three subspecies declared extinct in 2011.
Despite their rugged appearance, these warriors are losing the battle to poachers and the loss of their habitat. All eight pangolin species are threatened, from vulnerable to endangered. It is the most trafficked animal in the world, hunted for its scales on the black market. up to $ 3,000 / kg.